为什么白日梦对你有好处

为什么白日梦对你有好处

大多数人认为作为休​​息的时代,当我们为了放松,睡眠,或恢复实力停工或运动。 但是,历史学家和人类学家们已经发现,什么算是休息随着时间的推移和跨文化差异很大。

休息是很难理解的,不只是因为它在很多不同的方式经历。 为了更好地理解什么剩下的就是,一个国际研究和跨学科的团队,由达勒姆大学的带领下,最近推出了世界上最大规模的研究上休息,叫 休息测试。 其余的测试是一个在线调查,以调查人们的休息习惯和趋向缓和和忙碌的态度。

我们的目标是发现什么人认为休息是他们搞找到它的行为的差异和。 难道人们真的认为剩下的就是工作的对立面? 哪些活动是最宁静? 什么是人的时候他们是“休息”之类的内在体验,并且不会有更多的休息真的会让你感觉更好?

默认模式

如果你别说休息,人们往往会想到身体休息。 但是,正如谁曾经经历过他或她的脑海里呼呼睡知道以前的人,身体其余部分可有时宁静远。

一个奇怪的发现上从认知神经科学出现了“休息”的概念脱落新光源是大脑的静息状态的理念; 当我们的身体仍然是我们的头脑保持活跃。 脑激活非常一致的图案已被发现在脑区的星座 - 统称 “默认模式网络” - 当人们理应在脑成像研究“无为”。

默认模式网络已经紧密联系在一起的白日梦的状态和mindwandering导致的建议,白日做梦可能是 默认模式 思想。 (白日梦的想法,人们有不依赖于外部环境或任何他们目前正在做的事情。)

你需要回复,当你阅读这篇文章,对工作通勤精神上规划你的一天,或者在会议期间想与心爱的人一个参数传递给电子邮件的思维是白日梦的所有例子,这往往自发进行的一部分意识的流。

与白日梦代表了一个心理底线一致的想法,一些调查表明,人们的思想往往在30和时间50%之间相当一致的利率从当前的任务徘徊。 最令人信服,一 大规模调查 抽样2250人们对他们去他们的日常生活手机应用程序的白日梦,发现人们在做白日梦的,他们调查的场合47%。 做白日梦率一致30%在一系列22日常活动的,除了具有性别,其中做白日梦的速率是相当低。

The Downside

Considering that we spend roughly a third of life asleep, this means that we might spend nearly as much time daydreaming as we do sleeping.

Daydreaming is clearly very common, yet people tend to have negative perceptions of it. Pejorative terms as “off with the fairies” and “zoning out” label daydreaming as futile, and daydreamers as lazy, inattentive and dissatisfied with life.

Some studies suggest that daydreaming’s bad reputation might be justified. A 最近的一篇综述 of daydreaming research shows its negative effects on a variety of tasks such as reading, attention, and memory. Daydreaming behind the wheel might also represent a risk for road traffic accidents. Research published in the BMJ showed that 52% of drivers involved in road traffic accidents reported daydreaming immediately before crashing.

Other studies suggest that daydreaming has emotional, as well as cognitive, costs. Daydreaming has been associated with lower levels of happiness leading to the claim that a “wandering mind is an unhappy mind”.

效益

But daydreaming is not necessarily something to be avoided or discouraged. Emerging research has started to shine a spotlight on the benefits of daydreaming. For example, daydreaming has been linked to greater 创造力,能够 delay gratification, 问题解决,并 future planning.

The idea that daydreaming is detrimental for personal happiness has also been challenged. Several studies show that a person’s mood following daydreaming depends on the content of their thoughts. For instance, daydreaming is only associated with negative mood when the content of thought is also , self-focused, and ruminative.

Other research points to the distinct benefits of daydreaming and imagination for well-being. Asking people to engage in “positive mental time travel”, where they imagine four positive events that will take place the following day, increases levels of happiness. Likewise, new research suggests that daydreaming of loved ones might be an antidote to loneliness, fostering feelings of social connection.

Daydreaming might even be restful – an escape from the external present. (Consider what life might be like if you couldn’t mentally escape your external world when you wanted!) In fact, daydreaming has been suggested as a way of taking mental breaks when we’re doing everyday tasks; a way of refreshing our attention (or “dishabituation”, to use the scientific term). People might also 积极享受白日梦 并用它来娱乐,舒适和安心从痛苦。

这里就不做现在

所以,白日梦并非全是坏事,尽管普遍持有负面影响。 我们经常提醒的好处“是在最时刻”已经体现在广泛的兴趣和人气 正念 并且需要“尚记”。 但对于逃逸目前并从这里,现在想象东西拿走的好处?

白日梦和利益与其他国家之间有可能依赖于白日梦的内容和它发生的背景。 例如,一个繁忙的头脑充满的明天任务的想法可能会不利于一个宁静的夜晚的睡眠。 但魔术怀旧童年记忆在心里从嘈杂的通勤交通,你可能只是休息和放松的票。 而不是代表意义的精神蜿蜒,白日梦可能在许多方面有利于我们生活的力量。

关于作者谈话s

朱利亚Poerio心理学博士生和众声喧哗的合作者,谢菲尔德大学。 和 富临Callard,杜伦大学喧哗主任(轮毂上的惠康集合)和阅读器。 她在历史上广泛的研究兴趣和精神病学,精神分析和认知神经科学的生活存在。

本文最初发表于 谈话。 阅读 原创文章.

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