一对英国夫妇（David和凯瑟琳·朗从斯肯索普）击败了令人难以置信的可能性 283-十亿到一上赢得欧洲百万彩票开奖第二£1m奖。 我们中的许多梦想殊荣的游戏，如乐透大改变生活的大量的金钱。 但确实赢得巨资让我们快乐和健康？
我回顾了科学的研究，发现彩票中奖者是欣快很简单，他们之前 解决恢复到正常水平 快乐或不快乐。 这是因为幸福是相对的。 有一些心理学家认为，从长远来看，赢得大量的金钱赌博活动不会让别人快乐的一个普遍的看法。 谁研究幸福研究人员说，每个人都有幸福一定水平保持相对稳定，但可以通过特定的事件使人快乐或悲伤而改变。
值得庆幸的是，这种变化只持续了很短的时间周期。 例如，如果某人是一般快乐的人与近亲属死亡的，研究表明，经过几个月左右，人就会 回到他们以前一样的快乐水平。 然而，这个工程的其他方式了。 如果一个人是不是在他们的一天到一天的生活很幸福，他们可以赢得大量的钱赌博，他们可能会很高兴了几个月，但随后他们将“拉平”，回到生活在他们不幸的正常水平。
早在1978，菲利普布里克曼和他的同事 相比 a sample of 22 major lottery winners with 22 controls and also with a group of 29 paralysed accident victims (as they had experienced one of the worst things in life). They found that major lottery winners were no happier than control groups.
另一项研究1994 investigated 261 Norwegian lottery winners who had won more than one million Norwegian Krone (approximately £100,000). There were few typical emotional reactions to winning apart from moderate happiness and relief. Their gambling was modest both before and after winning the lottery and their experiences with winning were almost all positive. The researchers reported that their quality of life was stable or had improved. They concluded that their results support 早期的研究 that found lottery winners are not gamblers, but self-controlled realists.
Mo' Money …
One of the infamous questions in social science is whether money makes people happy. In 2001, a longitudinal study on the psychological health and happiness of approximately 9,000 randomly chosen people found that people who received financial windfalls (by and large gambling wins or receiving an inheritance) had higher mental well-being in the following year.
In another study on a random sample of Britons who received medium-sized lottery wins of between £1,000 and £120,000, the same authors compared lottery winners with two control groups (one with no gambling wins and the other with small gambling wins). They reported that big lottery winners went on to exhibit significantly better psychological health.
Other lottery winner data has also been analysed by Benedict Apouey and Andrew Clark who also found increased health benefits among lottery winners when compared to non-lottery winners. However, they also showed that lottery winners also drank and smoked more socially than non-lottery winners.
Life Changing Windfalls
On a more practical day-to-day level, most of the research on big winners has shown that their lives are much better as a result of their life-changing wins but there are always a few winners who find other problems occur as a result of their instant wealth.
They may give up their jobs and move to a more luxurious house in another area. This can lead to a loss of close friends from both the local neighbourhood and from their workplace. There can also be family tensions and arguments over the money and there is always the chance that winners will be bombarded with requests for money from every kind of cause or charity.
也有 病例报告 of people who become depressed after winning life-changing amounts of money. However, despite potential problems, most of the psychological research (perhaps unsurprisingly) indicates that winners are glad they won.
But not everything changes. One large study of 1,163 lottery winners in the USA showed that the vast majority of lottery winners (63%) carried on working in the same job after their big win, with a further 11% carrying on working part-time in the same job after their big win.
The average amount won by those who carried on working was US$2.59 million. This appears to show that winning the lottery does not necessarily lead to a change of lifestyle for the vast majority of winner.
Overall, research into the effects of big jackpots on human behaviour has been relatively sparse. The research that has been carried out suggests that the overwhelming majority of huge jackpot winners do not suffer negatively as a result of winning.