为什么生肉宠物食品可能不适合您的狗或您自己的健康

宠物

与自己说话是精神疾病的标志吗?你喂狗的时候要小心。 Shutterstock / fetrinka

您可能会认为生肉宠物食品对您的狗有益。 但是一项新的研究, 今天在Vet Record中发表,发现它可能含有高水平的细菌,可能对您的宠物造成健康风险。

研究人员还警告说,如果他或她的免疫系统受到损害,这些食物可能会对您或您家中的其他人造成健康风险。 这包括儿童,老人或任何为健康状况服用任何免疫系统抑制药物的人。

这不是第一次发现生宠物肉 被细菌病原体污染.

最新研究调查了欧洲60商用原料宠物肉类产品的样品。 瑞典研究人员在实验室中测试了这些样本中的病原体 E。大肠杆菌, 沙门氏菌空肠,这可能会导致宠物和人类疾病。

发现所有60样品都被污染 肠杆菌科细菌 (家庭到哪 E。大肠杆菌 所属)。

的发现 E。大肠杆菌 在肉制品上 表明粪便污染因为细菌是在动物的胃肠道中发现的。 它也是加工肉类时卫生条件差的指标。

发现制造商的污染水平不同,但超过一半的样本 - 31(52%) - 超过了欧盟法规规定的最高阈值。

在一些样品中发现的其他细菌,如 沙门氏菌, 产气荚膜梭菌空肠,被认为是潜在的致病性,这意味着它们可以在动物和人类中引起严重的疾病。

与自己说话是精神疾病的标志吗?你会吃那个吗? 与人类食用的肉相比,宠物肉的标准不同。 Shutterstock / Dvorakova Veronika

什么是宠物肉?

In 澳大利亚,生肉宠物食品或宠物肉,被定义为“原料状态的肉类,用作宠物食品”。 这与人类肉类不同。

人类的肉是 严格监管。 例如,它经常受到 细菌污染测试 确保产品对人类消费安全。

从本质上讲,人类级肉类产品是擦拭的 E。大肠杆菌沙门氏菌 就像他们离开屠宰场一样。 这些拭子表明肉类加工的清洁程度以及是否有任何粪便污染。

在澳大利亚,法律规定宠物肉不需要进行细菌检测,因此不知道这里的宠物肉是否像瑞典研究中的样品一样受到污染。

有关如何制造和处理宠物肉的法律。 但这些法律主要涉及保护 人体安全免受污染 和接触宠物肉,而不是确保它对宠物安全和有益健康。

澳大利亚的宠物肉法律在各州之间存在差异 被确定为一个问题。 澳大利亚对宠物食品(包括宠物肉)的监管 可能很快就会改变.

对人类的风险

被潜在致病菌污染的生宠物肉的危险不限于此 狗吃食物作为他们的饮食的一部分.

在厨房处理生宠物肉也会带来非常大的风险。 来自肉类的液体很容易污染厨房表面。 你的狗的嘴也可能藏有这些细菌,并通过舔和吻传播给你。

这就是为什么任何免疫系统可能受到损害的人都不应该接触到原始的宠物肉。

也正是出于这个原因,以及美国食品和药物管理局对狗本身的风险 不支持喂狗生食.

狗可以吃生肉

我们知道狗已经进化成能够吃生肉。 狗有胃和肠道,与我们略有不同,这使他们可以吃人类不能吃的食物。

但是狗仍然会因食物中的细菌而生病。 我们也知道,患有肠胃疾病的狗会将细菌物种(如瑞典研究中提到的那些物种)排放到它们的粪便中 比健康的狗更大的程度.

狗也可以从中获取胃 病原菌如 沙门氏菌 就像我们一样。

像狗舍和兽医院这样的压力环境可以抑制免疫系统。 服用类固醇或化疗等药物的狗对细菌的免疫力也会降低,包括饮食中的细菌。

如何保证自己的安全

这项新研究的作者提供了一些关于如何在处理生宠物肉时保证自己安全的实用技巧。

  1. 保持生宠物肉冷冻直至使用
  2. 将生宠物肉与所有其他人类食物分开处理,并在使用后彻底使用专用的宠物肉器具或洗涤设备
  3. 避免刚吃过生宠物肉的狗的吻和舔
  4. 不要在有免疫功能低下的人的家中喂养生宠物肉。

你可以进一步降低风险,只需将人类肉类喂给你的狗,而不是宠物肉,因为细菌负荷和 存在其他污染物 应该是最小的。

狗需要以一定比例平衡膳食中含有维生素和矿物质以避免生病,所以所有自制饮食 只应在兽医的指导下喂养.谈话

与自己说话是精神疾病的标志吗?你的狗需要均衡的饮食。 Bronwyn Orr, 作者提供

关于作者

Bronwyn Orr,兽医和博士候选人, 悉尼大学

本文重新发表 谈话 根据知识共享许可。 阅读 原创文章.

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